Have you ever come across the news about any structure that was demolished on the pretext of violating the rules? Did you happen to visit any primary construction site that was tough to find because of its poor road connectivity or location? These incidents often loom large because of minimal or zero prior engineering consultation. Read on as we try to unveil the significance of the site planning, its stages and its elements.
According to many eminent researchers in a civil engineering discipline, site planning kicks-off with site analysis. Well, not to get confused that site analysis and site planning are synonymous. We know that site planning revolves around design and chalking out a plan for the execution of the project, but what exactly is site analysis and how is it different from site planning? Don’t worry as they are no more rhetoric questions.
Site analysis is the systematic process that diligently examines the urban design process or the architectural design process for that matter. For instance, to analyze and understand if the climatic conditions, to explore the geographical topography and history of the site.
Once your civil engineer is content with the site analysis, he would prepare a holistic report of the same that should ideally be submitted to the vendor or the enterprise customer who would understand the complexities if any post which the process of site planning begins.
Synthesis Phase: This forms part and parcel of site planning wherein the engineer would roll out a schematic design of the proposed plan along with the cost estimation in detail. It’s only after the synthesis phase; the contracts would be allowed to bid for the project post which management of the site begins.
Why is Site Planning Crucial?
In the absence of site planning, the customer or builder would be ending up constructing a structure that could possibly face unexpected challenges—both climatic and legal.
Location: The site planner would examine if the site is well connected to the road and essential nearby hubs as the massive constructions are usually business hubs that need proper connectivity. Entry and exit plans would be designed accordingly.
Zoning: It is during the site planning; the engineer would get in touch with the municipal planning department and other authorities to ensure that there are no legal obligations to construct a mega-structure in the mentioned location. The height restrictions, if any, would be ascertained and appropriate tax would be fixed along with parking requirements.
Legal: Is the site location free of legal obligations? Whether any litigation or suits are pending or closed on this site? These are some of the most important questions that can’t be ignored, and only a site planner shoulders this responsibility and prepares a detailed no objection report if required that would be helpful in the future.
Existing Man-Made Features: These could be bus bays, fences, or minor make shift building that could be within or close by the location. The same would be recorded and intimated to the respective municipal departments to mark the territory of the structure. Any violations or intrusions can be detected only during site planning, and appropriate measures can be taken to fix them.
Sensory: All the details pertaining to the odors, smoke, and pollutant areas that are close by should be recorded based on which necessary preventive measures can be taken. In the absence of the same, you might be ending up a structure that’s a major hub of your business but next to a slum, which could be unpleasant and hamper your business.
So, next time, when you intend to construct a project, don’t straight away consult a contractor but get in touch with a site engineer who would make things seamless for you.